Epilepsy in dogs and cats
Idiopathic epilepsy, the most common cause of seizures in the dog, is an inherited disorder, but its exact cause is unknown. Other causes include liver disease, kidney failure, brain tumors, brain trauma, or toxins. "Idiopathic epilepsy" is the most common cause of seizures in the dog.
Epilepsy is defined as 2 or more seizures, at least 24 hours apart, resulting from a nontoxic, nonmetabolic cause.
An epileptic seizure is defined as a transient occurrence of signs, symptoms, or both due to abnormal, excessive, or synchronous neuronal activity in the brain. Seizure events can result from:
- Disease localized to the brain (symptomatic/structural)
- A reaction of the healthy brain to a metabolic or toxic insult (reactive)
- An unknown or genetic cause (idiopathic).
Seizures can be classified into 3 categories based on frequency.
- Cluster: 2 or more seizures within 24 hours
- Acute repetitive: 2 or more seizures within 5 to 12 hours, separate from normal seizure pattern
- Status epilepticus: Continuous seizure for 5 or more minutes or 2 or more seizures with no recovery between seizures
Two drugs are licensed for the treatment of primary epilepsy in dogs; Phenobarbital (commonly prescribed under the trade name EpiphenTM) and Imepitoin (prescribed under the trade name PexionTM). Potassium bromide (prescribed under the trade name LibromideTM) is licensed for uncontrolled epilepsy in dogs.
Why do we say CBD Oil for dogs and cats with Seizures is the best treatment you can provide?
How does CBD work to reduce seizures?
All mammals have an endocannabinoid system, a network of numerous receptors that regulates body functions. Endocannabinoids are synthesized on demand by the body to maintain homeostasis – a stable internal environment. When a condition such as epilepsy interferes with homeostasis, these internal mechanisms lag behind the body’s needs. Supplementing with the phytocannabinoids found abundantly in hemp can help restore balance.
Two types of endocannabinoid receptors have been identified: CB1 receptors, found predominantly in the brain, nervous system, glands, and organs; and CB2 receptors, existing mainly in the regulatory cells of the immune system. While CBD supplements benefit both types, their ability to calm overactive neurons and control seizures comes from the interactions with CB1 receptors. When the nervous system has been impacted by an illness or injury, CBD supplements can restore homeostasis.
Cannabidiol (CBD), one of the active constituents of the cannabis plant, can exert profound healing and balancing effects on all mammals. By stimulating the endocannabinoid system, CBD can help the body rebalance to homeostasis.
Pet owners use CBD for a broad range of behavioral and medical issues, including cancer pain, anxieties, obsessions, arthritis, seizures, neurological and digestive disorders, past traumas, social withdrawal, irritable moods, and cohabitating with other animals more positively.
While recovering from illness or surgery, CBD can stimulate appetite and speed healing. At the end of life, CBD can minimize the pain and anxiety your pet may be experiencing.